The ground fund of the East Kazakhstan region on a condition makes on 1 November, 2008, 28322,6 thousand according to Management of ground relations of the East Kazakhstan region. According to natural zones it is possible to allocate following types of soils for area territories: glaciers, tundra, Alpine and subalpine, taiga, wood gray and light gray, wood-meadow steppe, mountain-steppe, mountain chernozems under ashes and alkaline, chernozems ordinary, dark-chestnut, light-brown, brown. Agricultural grounds to the signs defining fertility of soils, are characterized according to Management of ground relations of the East Kazakhstan region as:

 

 

Not complicated by negative signs of all - 3573,6 thousand in hectare. Including: is unconditional-suitable 1478,6 thousand in hectare, use is complicated on conditions of a relief of 959,9 thousand in hectare, absence of water for watering of 1135,1 thousand in hectare; Rubble all - 12094,1 thousand in hectare. Including: - poorly 2002,1 thousand in hectare, an average - 2349,1 thousand in hectare, it is strong - 1098,1 thousand in hectare, very strongly - 6644,8 thousand in hectare; the hectares Salted all 1573,9 thousand, including: poorly-239,9 thousand in hectare., an average - 192,8 thousand in hectare., strongly - 997,3 thousand in hectare, saline soils of 143,9 thousand in hectare; Solonetzic all - 3573,7 thousand in hectare, including: poorly-1720,3 thousand in hectare, an average - 995,7 thousand in hectare, it is strong - 857,7 thousand in hectare; washed off all - 424,9 thousand in hectare, including: poorly - 390,5 thousand in hectare, an average - 24,3 thousand in hectare, strongly - 10,1 thousand in hectare; Deaphlearing all - 856,9 thousand in hectare, including: poorly - 355,3 thousand in hectare, the average - 115,3 thousand in hectare, is strong - 386,3 thousand in hectare.; subject to in common water and wind erosion of 1,4 thousand in hectare; Rehumidified all - 251,7 thousand in hectare, including inundated - 105,4 thousand in hectare, not inundated 146,3 thousand in hectare; boggy all - 121,9 thousand in hectare, including: poorly - 15,3 thousand in hectare, average - 89,5 thousand in hectare, it is strong - 17,1 thousand in hectare; other - 208,2 thousand in hectare.

 

Structure of ground fund of the East Kazakhstan region For November, 1, 2011 the territory of the East Kazakhstan region makes 28322,6 thousand in hectare, of them the agricultural purpose earths – 9944,1 thousand in hectare (35,1 % from ground fund of area) settlements – 2972,6 thousand in hectare (10,5 %); the industries, transport, communication, defense and other non-agriculture – 178,1 thousand in hectare (0,6 %); the earths of especially protected natural territories, the earths of improving, recreational and historical and cultural appointment – 1504,4 thousand in hectare (5,3 %); the earths of wood fund – 2140,9 thousand in hectare (7,6 %); water fund – 572,7 thousand in hectare (2,0 %) and a stock – 11034 thousand in hectare (38,9 %).

 

The earths of agricultural purpose In structure of ground fund of the East Kazakhstan region of the earth of agricultural purpose make 9944,1 thousand in hectare. In comparison with 2010, the earths of this category have increased by 190,6 thousand in hectare at the expense of the organization new and additional granting of the earths to existing country economy and agricultural formations.

As a part of the agricultural purpose earths agricultural grounds make 9784,3 thousand in hectare (98,4 %), including arable lands of 1284,8 thousand in hectare (12,9 %), long-term plantings of 2,3 thousand in hectare (0,02 %), a deposit of 194,7 thousand in hectare (2,0 %), haymaking of 447,7 thousand in hectare (4,5 %), pastures of 7854,3 thousand in hectare (79 %).

The quantity of country (farmer) economy makes 17031, they occupy the space of 8148,4 thousand in hectare. In comparison with 2010 there was a reduction of country (farmer) economy on 341, increase in the earths at the areas of 215,5 thousand in hectare at the expense of integration and association of small-scale enterprises.

The quantity of not state agricultural legal entities makes 466 on the area of 1643,9 thousand in hectare, including the earth of economic associations and joint-stock companies of 1396,6 thousand in hectare, agricultural production co-operatives of 179,9 thousand in hectare, other not state enterprises of 67,4 thousand in hectare. In comparison with 2010 not state agro formations in general have decreased for 10 units on the areas of 1,8 thousand in hectare.

The quantity of the state agricultural legal entities makes 153 on the area of 145,1 thousand in hectare. In comparison with 2010 the state agro formations in general have decreased for 3 units on the areas of 23,2 thousand in hectare.

 

The earths of settlements The area of the earths of settlements has made 2972,6 thousand in hectare or 10,5 % from all ground fund of region. For 2011 the quantity of settlements has increased on 9 at the expense of specification with the data of regional department of statistics, the earths of this category have decreased for 6,2 thousand in hectare.

As a part of the earths of settlements of the earth of cities and settlements occupy 149,2 thousand in hectare (5,0 %), and rural settlements – 2823,4 thousand in hectare (95 %).   

The earths the industries, transport, communication and other non-agriculture.

The area of the earths of the industry, transport, communication, defense and other non-agriculture makes 178,1 thousand in hectare – 0,6 % from an total area of region, of them:

- The earths of the industrial enterprises make 44,3 thousand in hectare – (24,9 %);

- Motor transport – 31,2 thousand in hectare (17,5 %);

- A railway transportation – 13,6 thousand in hectare (7,6 %);

- Communications – 1,3 thousand in hectare (0,8 %);

- Other not agricultural enterprises – 87,7 thousand in hectare (49,2 %).

In comparison with 2010 reduction of the earths of this category by 4 thousand in hectare because of the termination of term of granting in time land tenure of the earths to the industrial enterprises is observed.

 

The earths especially protected natural territories The area of the earths of this category for 2011 has changed on 0,2 thousand in hectare at the expense of granting of the earths for locating ethnotourist base and makes 1504,4 thousand in hectare (5,3 %), including medical-improving appointment of 0,6 thousand in hectare, reserves, national parks, dendrology and zoological parks, botanical gardens – 839,1 thousand in hectare.

 

 

The earths wood fund The total area of the earths of wood fund in accounting year has made 2140,9 thousand in hectare (7,6 %). Changes of the areas for current year have not occurred.

 

The earths water fund The earths water fund for November, 1, 2011 have decreased for 0,1 thousand in hectare and make 572,8 thousand in hectare (2,0 %). The area of the earths of water fund for a fiscal year has changed at the expense of granting of the ground area for mowing in Kurchumsky district.


The earths of a stock The earths of a stock make 11034 thousand in hectare (38,9 %), in comparison with 2010 have decreased for 180,5 thousand in hectare at the expense of transfer in other categories of the earths.


Structure of agricultural grounds The total area of agricultural grounds for November, 1, 2011 makes 22660,4 thousand in hectare or 79,9 % from a total area of the earths.

In structure of agricultural grounds relative density of an arable land makes 1310,8 thousand in hectare (5,8 % from a total area of farmland), deposits – 318 thousand in hectare (1,4 % from a total area of farmland), long-term plantings – 5,8 thousand in hectare (0,03 %), haymaking – 1056,9 thousand in hectare (4,7 %), pastures – 19959,0 thousand in hectare (88,1 %).

 


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